It wasn’t until 1965 that the law banning birth control was struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.
The First Intrauterine Birth Control Devices Faced a Rocky Road
In 1974, however, sales of one of these IUDs, the Dalkon Shield, were suspended after it was linked to numerous infections and seven deaths. Although only that one brand was implicated, other manufacturers feared expensive lawsuits and also pulled their IUDs from the market.
In the 1980s, a new copper IUD called Paragard was approved. The Paragard nonhormonal IUD (also called the copper IUD) is a small piece of flexible plastic shaped like a T that has copper wrapped around it.
Low-Tech Birth Control Methods Are Still Around
Condoms were the most commonly used primary coital method (15 percent), followed by withdrawal (7 percent).
More Hormone Delivery Systems Keep Coming
Other Forms of Emergency Contraception
Sterilization Is Still the Best Option for Permanent Prevention
Among contraceptive users ages 15 to 49 in 2018, female permanent contraception was the most common method used (28 percent), followed by pills (21 percent), male condoms, and IUDs (both 13 percent), notes the Guttmacher Institute.
In 2018, more than one-third (36 percent) of users ages 15 to 49 relied on some form of permanent contraception, although it was much more common among users ages 40 and over.
Planned Parenthood is a nonprofit organization with the mission of ensuring that everyone has access to the care and resources they need to make informed decisions about their bodies, their lives, and their futures. Planned Parenthood delivers sexual and reproductive healthcare, sex education, and information to millions of people every year.
The Guttmacher Institute is a leading research and policy organization committed to advancing sexual and reproductive health and rights worldwide. The institute dreams of a future in which everyone can realize their rights and access the resources they need to achieve sexual and reproductive health.